Faridabad was founded in A.D. 1607 by Shaikh Farid, treasurer of Jahangir. The District Faridabad came on the map of Haryana on 15th August, 1979 as the 12th District of state. After India’s partition, the town grew with refugees from Pakistan. Now, Faridabad is the most populated and industrialized city in the whole of Haryana. It alone generates about 60% of the revenues of Haryana with its large number f industrial units. Location & Boundaries
Faridabad is one of the prominent Districts of Haryana bordering Delhi. It is bounded by the Union Territory of Delhi (National Capital) on its north, Gurgaon District on the west and State of Uttar Pradesh on its east & south. The river Yamuna separates the District Boundary on the eastern side with UP state. Delhi-Agra National Highway No.2 (Shershan Suri Marg) Passes through the centre of District. It has many railway stations on the Delhi-Mathura double track broad-gauge line of the Northern Railway and North-Central Railway.
Area & Population
Faridabad district has an area of 2151 km. It has a share of 4.86% of the total state land and accommodates a population of 26 lakh (Latest population census figures-10.40 percent of the state population). It is the most densely populated district in the state. Faridabad’s population is predominantly Sikh and Hindu; the city has many gurudwaras and temples. A few shrines of pride are the Shiv Temple, gracing Sainik Colony and Sidh Data Ashram located on Badkal surajkund road. Addes attractions are the new generation malls, multiplexes and family entertainment centres viz. Crown Plaza, SRS Mall and Parsvanath Mall.
Transportation By Rail / Road
Faridabad is located on broad gauge of New Delhi-Mumbai Line, about 30-35 km from New Delhi Railway Station. Most of the trains for big cities like Mumbai, Chennai and Hyderabad stop here. Local Trains run between New Delhi and Faridabad. There are three railway stations in the city viz. Faridabad, New Industrial Town Faridabad and Ballabgarh. Metro rail services are likely to touch the city by 2013. It lies on NH-2 and is easily accessible from rest of the places.
Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi and Palam Domestic Airport, New Delhi at a distance of about 35 km.
Faridabad is a hub of world-class higher and professional level education. Manav Rachna Educational Institutions, one of the premier Institutions of northern India, with its nature caressing, awe-inspiring and extensive campus, is based here. MREI now encompasses Manav Rachna International University, a deemed to be University under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956, Manav Rachna College of Engineering, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad Institute of Technology, M.R. College of Education and Manav Rachna International Schools (Sector-21C, Sector-14 & Eros Garden Faridabad and Sector-46 & Sector 51, Gurgaon) providing high quality education in various fields.
There are other professional institutions which impart education in various disciplines. These comprise Lingayas University, NIFM, YMCA University of Science & Technology; and a No. of other engineering colleges, Nehru Govt. College, and schools galore like MRIS, DPS, DAV, G.D Goenka, Apeejay and more.
Faridabad is the most prominent industrial town of Haryana. There are now about 15,000 small, medium and large industries in this complex providing direct and indirect employment to nearly half a million people and ranks the 9th largest industrial estate in Asia. The combined turnover is estimated to be about Rs. 2000 billion. Many international/ multinational companies like Whirlpool, Goodyear, Larsen & Toubro, Asia Brown Boveri, GKN Invel, Woodward Governor, Castrol, Yamaha Motor India Pvt. Ltd., Knorr Bremse India Pvt. Ltd., Faridabad besides Escorts, Eicher, Cutler Hammer, Hyderabad Asbestos, Nuchem, Orient Fans (C. K. Birla Group), JCB India limited, Nirigemes, Agri Machinery Group (Escorts Limited) operate in this bell. It is home to hundreds of medium and small scale companies, too.
Central Government Offices
Faridabad has benefited from plans of Union Government to decongest Delhi by shifting a number of Central Government Offices to Faridabad. Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad. Prominent among them are Central Water Organisation, Department of Plant Quarantine, and Central Insecticide Lab. A number of Union Government Offices for Haryana are based here such as Department of Explosives, Department of Labour, etc.
The Indian Air Force (IAF) has a logistics base in Faridabad. The resident unit is No.56 Air Storage Park as well as the Air Force Guard Dog Training Unit. Although there are no major military Units in the city, there are close to a thousand retired services officers settled here.
R & D Facility
Faridabad has one of finest R&D facilities in the field of Automotive Fuels and Lubricants, in Asia. Indian Oil Corporation Limited has its R&D centre located at sector 13 Faridabad and leads in petroleum Research. The center was founded on 1972 and now employs over 500 scientists and technical staff. This facility is a critical contributor in fulfilling India’s Defence Requirements.
Faridabad is well connected with rest of the world through latest state of the art communications that includes GSM, WLL, Dialup internet connection, DSL internet connection, Leased line internet connection. Government operated and privately operated fixed line/land line telephone connections etc. Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart etc. can be easily accessed.
dequate Facilities for cricket are available in Nahar Singh Stadium, which is one of the One Day International venues in India. It also houses a world- class Cricket Academy.It also has a hole Golf course.
Baba Farids Tomb
The city of Faridabad is believed to have been named after Baba Farid, an eminent Sufi saint. There is an also a belief that it was he who founded Faridabad. His tomb in the town is a popular pilgrimage spot for the local people.
It is located in Badkhal village, 32 km from Delhi. The lake fringed by Aravalli hills is a man-made embankment. A flower show is held every spring here. It’s name is most probably derived from the Persian word bedakhal, which means free from interference. Close to Badhkal lake is the Peacock Lake, which is another picturesque spot.
A splendid lake retreat. A bastion of pleasure. A spot of holiday. A man made embankment holds back the waters of the lake making it a perfect spot for water sport. Come winter and flocks of bird descend upon it. Here is an ornithologist’s accommodation wings, views of the lake, its serenity.
Suraj Kund Tourist Complex and the Craft Fair.
Situated at a distance of around 8 Kms from South Delhi, it is an ideal picnic spot. Built by rajput king Surajpal Tomar, Suraj Kund represents the rising sun. Ruins of a Sun temple lie around the lake. The complex includes a beautifully done-up Rajhans, a pool of fresh water – Siddha Kund; its waters said to have healing properties and a garden. A delightful handloom and handicrafts fair is held here annually in February. Skilled artisans from all over the country display the rich crafts tradition of India in the typical setting of a rural Indian marketplace. Cultural programmes like folk dances, magic, and rural cuisines are also a part of this colourful fair.
On your Delhi tour you can visit Surajkund, popular for a big fair, which takes place in the first two weeks of February. The premises of the surajkund have a perennial lake surrounded by rock-cut steps. It is situated at a distance of about 11 kms from the Qutab Minar on the Mehraili-Badarpur road. The sun temple built by a Tomar chieftain named Surajpal stood here during AD 1000, the remains of which can still be seen here.